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Honey is a sweet and thick juice that bees collect form the flowers. The total sweet honey production is approximately 1.2 million tons per year. The main producing countries are China, Argentina, Spain, Mexico, Canada, Hungary and Australia. The main importers of sweet honey are the European Union and the United States.

Honey has qualities recognized and used by humans since ancient times. There are also records in prehistoric cave paintings of the use of honey. The flower honey is transparent. Sweet honey is mainly used for eating cooking and baking. Sweet honey is the main ingredient “honey wine”. Honey has many therapeutic properties. Sweet honey helps to heal and to prevent infections in wounds, eyes or burned skin. Sweet honey is an excellent natural preservative. It is highly durable, and does not expire. The yeast can not live in hard honey, because of the low moisture content. The preservative effect of honey is due to its low concentration of water and it’s acidic reaction, when exposed to water.

Lack of moisture is a key condition for the conservation of honey. Sweet honey has a considerable variety of antioxidants. The inventor of the honey extractor was Francesco De Hruschka in 1883. The centrifuge can extract sweet honey from both sides of the honeycomb simultaneously. The honey extraction room is the physical place where the honey is extracted. They are built by the beekeepers for the reason of legal regulations. The honey extraction rooms are standardized by different honey countries.

Australian aboriginal people collected bush honey from bees in the prehistoric times. During historic excavations in Egypt, honey was found in the grave of kings. A pot of honey had a value comparable to that of a donkey in the times of the old kings, who had no knowledge about bee farming. Before the invention of sugar, the sweet honey was an important, and often the only sweet product. It was expensive. In 2002, sweet honey production was at around 1.268 million tons.

The nutritional value of sweet honey comes from the high sugar content. Some types of sweet honey from the mountains have a high vitamin C content. Such honey is produced from the nectar of mint and thyme flowers in Iran. Due to its high sugar and low water content of sweet honey is very durable. The density of sweet honey is about 1.4 kg per liter, which depends on the water content. Argentina is the main supplier of sweet honey to Germany.

Sweet honey from different flowers have different taste, smell and color from each other. The sweet honey from fresh flowers has a light yellow color and a mild flavor. Typical of the heather honey is its jelly-like consistency. Chestnut honey has a reddish brown color and remain liquid for several months. Dandelion honey has a very strong, aromatic, and sweet taste with a typical yellow color. Lime honey has an extremely sweet taste with typically fruit, and mint flavor.

Eucalyptus honey smells slightly of eucalyptus, but does not taste like eucalyptus. Lavender honey has a distinct lavender aroma that comes from the lavender flowers. Manuka honey has more antibacterial and anti-fungal effects than other honey types.

Sweet honey is a universal raw material for beverage preparation like honey beer, wine and vodka. Honey is also used in medicine. Honey is anti-inflammatory. It helps to re-grow cells and to close wounds. Medicinal honey should be stored in cool, dry and dark places, so that the natural ingredients are safe and clean.

Poisonous honey can contain active ingredients from poisonous flowers. Such poisonous honey is very rare and expensive. Pesticides were found exclusively in German honey products, because German farmers use too many pesticides that bees collect and put into the German honey. Wild honey is the best and the safest honey. Be safe and eat wild honey.

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